About France

France: A country of opportunities and resources

The Republic of France has land borders with Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Spain and Andorra. It is also bordered by the North Sea, the English Channel, the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean. In the early 21st century, five French overseas entities - French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte, and Reunion - became French regions and were made part of France proper

France is one of the world’s top six Economies. In fact, France is the leading agricultural producer and exporter in Europe. The industrial sectors in France are among the most developed in the world particularly in telecommunications, technology, electronics, automobile, rail, aeronautics and aerospace, energy, pharmaceutical and cosmetics sectors. The railway network of France is the second most extensive in Western Europe.

France today is one of the most modern countries in the world and is a leader among European nations. It plays an influential global role as a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, NATO, the G-8, the G-20, the EU and other multilateral organizations.

France is also one of the world's leading tourist destinations with 89 million foreign tourists welcomed in 2017. It is also famous for its strong culinary tradition. France produces more than 250 cheeses and some of the world's best-loved wines.

"Impossible is not French"

 

FRANCE PROFILE

 

President: currently Emmanuel Macron, elected by universal suffrage

Surface area: 547,030 km², or 211,209 sq. miles.

Population:  66,9 million

Major cities: The capital and the nation's largest city is Paris. The other major cities are Lyon, Marseille, Lille, Bordeaux, Nice and Toulouse.

Administrative areas: Metropolitan France (France in Europe) is divided, administratively, into 13 regions, and 96 counties, known as departments. The number of regions was reduced from 22 to 13 on 1st January 2016.

Language: French

Currency: Euro (€)

Climate: quite varied, but generally west European - on the whole a bit warmer than the UK, a bit cooler than Spain.

GDP (official exchange rate): $2.575 trillion (2017 est.)

GDP - real growth rate: 1.6% (2017 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP): $43,600 (2017 est.)

Agriculture - products: wheat, cereals, sugar beets, potatoes, wine grapes, beef, dairy products, fish

Industries: machinery, technology, chemicals, automobiles, metallurgy, aircraft, electronics, textiles, food processing, tourism

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