The Republic of France has land borders with Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Spain and Andorra. It is also bordered by the North Sea, the English Channel, the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean. In the early 21st century, five French overseas entities - French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte, and Reunion - became French regions and were made part of France proper
France is one of the world’s top six Economies. In fact, France is the leading agricultural producer and exporter in Europe. The industrial sectors in France are among the most developed in the world particularly in telecommunications, electronics, automobile, rail, aeronautics and aerospace, energy, pharmaceutical and cosmetics sectors. The railway network of France is the second most extensive in Western Europe.
France today is one of the most modern countries in the world and is a leader among European nations. It plays an influential global role as a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, NATO, the G-8, the G-20, the EU and other multilateral organizations.
France is also one of the world's leading tourist destinations with 83, 7 million foreign tourists welcomed in 2014. It is also famous for its strong culinary tradition. France produces more than 250 cheeses and some of the world's best-loved wines.
President: currently Emmanuel Macron, elected by universal suffrage
Surface area: 547,030 km², or 211,209 sq. miles.
Population: 66,9 million
Major cities: The capital and the nation's largest city is Paris. The other major cities are Lyon, Marseille, Lille, Bordeaux, Nice and Toulouse.
Administrative areas: Metropolitan France (France in Europe) is divided, administratively, into 13 regions, and 96 counties, known as departments. The number of regions was reduced from 22 to 13 on 1st January 2016.
Language: The official language is French.
Currency: France's currency is the Euro
Climate: quite varied, but generally west European - on the whole a bit warmer than the UK, a bit cooler than Spain.
GDP (official exchange rate): $2.423 trillion (2015 est.)
GDP - real growth rate: 1.2% (2015 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $41,400 (2015 est.)
Agriculture - products: wheat, cereals, sugar beets, potatoes, wine grapes; beef, dairy products; fish
Industries: machinery, chemicals, automobiles, metallurgy, aircraft, electronics; textiles, food processing; tourism