The Kingdom of Bahrain is the smallest State of the Middle East. This archipelago situated in Persian Gulf between Qatar and Saudi Arabia consists of 33 islands, the main of which, Bahrain, gave its name to the country.
The Kingdom of Bahrain attained its independence in 1971. The steady decline in oil production and reserves since 1970 prompted Bahrain to take steps to diversify its economy, in the process developing successful petroleum processing and refining, aluminum production, and hospitality and retail sectors, and also to become a leading regional banking center, especially with respect to Islamic finance.
The following sectors have been prioritized for development: Financial Services, Professional & Industrial Services, Logistics, Education and Training, Manufacturing (Aluminium, Food & Beverage, Chemicals & Plastics), ICT, Tourism.
National Day: December 16
Government: Unitary Constitutional Monarchy
GDP at current market prices (2014): $ 33.85 Billion (World BankGDP Growth 2015 : 2,5 % ; Forecast 2016: 2.6%Inflation (2015): 2.5%
Population: 1,314,562 ;- Bahraini: 630,744 ;- Non-Bahraini: 683,818
Climate: Arid; mild, pleasant winters; very hot, humid summers
Time: 3 Hrs. ahead of G.M.T.
Religion: Islam is the official religion of the Kingdom
Currency: Bahrain dinar is the official currency composed of units of 1000 fils, US$=377 fils.
Languages and Dialects: official language is Arabic, while English is used as an official language in business.
Surface Area (sq.Km) : 770
Weekends: Friday & Saturday are the official weekend